Working paper

Assessing the Role of Microfinance in Fostering Adaptation to Climate Change

This paper offers the first empirical assessment of the linkages between microfinance supported activities and adaptation to climate change. Specifically, the lending portfolios of the 22 leading microfinance institutions in two climate vulnerable countries – Bangladesh and Nepal - are analysed to assess the synergies and potential conflicts between microfinance and adaptation. The two countries had also been previously examined as part of an earlier OECD report on the links between macro-level Official Development Assistance and adaptation.

Climate Change and Public Health in Indonesia Impacts and Adaptation


Budi Haryanto of the University of Indonesia reviews expected global health impacts
of climate change, and then outlines both direct and indirect health impacts specific
to Indonesia. After setting out specific drivers of the climate change-health nexus in
Indonesia, Haryanto summarises the range of current Indonesian research on health
impacts. He then sets out adaptation issues and a method for approaching health
adaptation assessment. Haryanto concludes by proposing a suite of adaptation

Toward a Progressive Indian Global Climate Politics


This paper discusses domestic politics around climate change in India
as an entry point to understanding India’s role in global climate
negotiations. I suggest there is broad agreement within India on three
issues: India is being unfairly labelled a “major emitter”; India has a
considerable ongoing development burden; and India is already
moving in the right direction on climate mitigation. However, on each
of these issues there is a healthy under-current of domestic debate.

Addressing the "Post-Kyoto" Stress Disorder: Reflections on the Emerging Legal Architecture of the Climate Regime


This article identifies and explores the range of legal form options
available to states in the negotiation process, and outlines the political and
strategic considerations at play which will ultimately govern choice of
legal form. This article argues that one of the most significant factors
hindering substantive progress on a post-2012 climate agreement is, what
is characterized here as, the “post-Kyoto stress disorder”- A lack of trust
amongst some developing countries that industrialized countries will,

Climate change, disaster, displacement and migration: initial evidence from Africa

Full Paper

This paper presents evidence and outlines the linkages between climate change and migration/displacement. Noting that: "Although there is not a mono-causal relation between climate change, disasters,
displacement and migration, the existence of a clear link between the phenomena is
increasingly recognised. This paper presents some initial empirical findings in relation to
this link, focusing on two African countries: Somalia and Burundi" (Kolmannskog, 2009).

Closing the gap between climate adaptation and poverty reduction frameworks

National frameworks to reduce poverty and adapt to climate change rarely, if ever, interlink. Most Poverty Reduction Strategies (PRSs) and National Development Strategies (NDSs) screened during a review by the ODI ignore climate change issues almost entirely. Gaps and disconnects between climate adaptation and poverty reduction frameworks undermine efforts to cushion the poverty impact of climate change.