Technical report

High Mountains Adaptation Partnership: Lessons Learned in Nepal and Peru

Glacier-dominated mountains play a major role in providing water to large numbers of people. These glacier-dominated areas also pose unique challenges to downstream communities as they adapt to recent and continuing global climate change. Two of the more serious problems in high mountain regions include decreased water supply reliability and increased threats from glacial lake outburst floods (GLOFs), or moraine-dammed lakes left behind receding glaciers that can cause enormous downstream devastation if suddenly released by triggers such as an earthquake or overhanging ice.

Climate Resilient Infrastructure Services: Lessons Learned

The Climate Resilient Infrastructure Services (CRIS) program was an initiative of USAID’s Climate Change Resilient Development (CCRD) project. CRIS worked to improve the ability of cities in developing countries to provide reliable and sustainable infrastructure services that support smart and lasting development, even in a changing climate. For two-and-a-half years the CRIS program worked with cities to develop, test, and implement approaches to improve the climate resilience of infrastructure services.

Khumbu, Nepal: Local Adaptation Plan of Action (LAPA) - Process for Mainstreaming Adaptation

The Khumbu Local Adaptation Plan of Action contains descriptions of key methods, processes, findings, results, and materials used in a series of community consultations and District-level meetings held between September 2012 and September 2014. This LAPA is considered among the most comprehensive and thoroughly produced LAPA’s in Nepal to date. This LAPA serves as a model for USAID and development practitioners working on LAPAs, and is based on unparalleled fluency in the unique physical and cultural aspects of Nepalese people and the Himalayan ecosystems.

Project Description: Vietnam Climate Impacts Decision Support Tool

Cascadia Consulting Group (Cascadia), on behalf of the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and in collaboration with the Vietnam Institute for Environmental Planning, Urban-Rural Infrastructure (IRURE) and the Vietnam Institute for Urban-Rural Planning (VIUP), plans to configure, test, and deploy Cascadia’s Climate Impacts Decision Support Tool (CIMPACT-DST, the “Tool”) at the national level in support of integrating climate change considerations into planning activities in cities and provinces in Vietnam.

Needs Assessment: Vietnam Climate Impacts Decision Support Tool

Cascadia Consulting Group (Cascadia), on behalf of the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and in collaboration with the Vietnam Institute for Environmental Planning, Urban-Rural Infrastructure (IRURE) and the Vietnam Institute for Urban-Rural Planning (VIUP), plans to configure, test, and deploy a climate impacts planning tool at the national level in support of integrating climate change considerations into the planning activities of cities and provinces in Vietnam.

Addressing Climate Change Impacts on Infrastructure: Preparing for Change

Infrastructure includes a wide variety of systems that are essential to development priorities—and these assets may be at risk due to climate change. The accompanying set of fact sheets describes the impacts climate change may have on nine categories of infrastructure in developing countries. This overview introduces the common themes related to infrastructure, climate change impacts, and adaptation strategies, and covers the basic terminology and concepts that are used in the fact sheets.

Mid-term Evaluation of the Climate Services Supporting Adaptation in the Indonesian Food Crops System

Increasingly, countries around the world are developing climate services in order to better inform planning and decision making across many of the sectors and populations affected by accelerating climate change. At the second International Conference on Climate Services, held in Brussels, Belgium in 2012, a series of self- reported case studies were unveiled by various agencies working on climate services. These were judged to be potentially quite valuable as models or sources of lessons to be applied in the design of new climate change adaptation tools and services.

The Caribbean agrometeorological initiative (CAMI) : an evaluation of climate services

The Caribbean Agrometeorological Initiative (CAMI) brought together the meteorological and agricultural agencies of 10 Caribbean nations to deliver climate services to farmers. CAMI sought to “increase and sustain agricultural productivity at the farm level in the Caribbean region through improved dissemination and application of weather and climate information using an integrated and coordinated approach” (CAMI, 2010).

Mid-Level Assessment: Climate Forecasting in Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan is the ninth largest producer and seventh largest exporter of wheat in the world. With almost half of its exports destined for buyers in Central Asia, Kazakhstan has an important role to play in regional food security. However, Kazakhstan faces many challenges in increasing or even sustaining productivity. The wheat sector is still evolving from a Soviet-style farming system to a “corporate” model featuring advanced cultivation methods, diversified cropping, and utilization of efficient and appropriate technologies and chemical applications.

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