An Assessment of Water Security, Development, and Climate Change in Iloilo, Philippines, and the Tigum-Aganan Watershed

In 2013, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) expects to release guidance on a climate resilient development framework (USAID 2013a) as well as an annex to that framework specific to climate change and water (USAID 2013b). This case study is the first to use the concepts in these guidance documents for an on-the- ground assessment of water security.

Gender and Climate Change in Agrarian Settings

The impacts of climate variability and change on the rural poor in the Global South become more pronounced with each passing year. While entire communities and regions will be exposed to the same changing temperatures and precipitation, the ways in which they are vulnerable to these changes will vary greatly. As the contemporary literature on adaptation now acknowledges, the patterns of vulnerability to climate change impacts we see today are largely, if not principally, shaped by social factors ranging from gender roles to class to ethnicity.

The Value of Climate Services Across Economic and Public Sectors: A Review of Relevant Literature

Weather services (including current meteorological information and forecasts for hours and days ahead) and basic climate services have been available in most parts of the world for more than half a century. However, it is only over the last few decades that a full suite of climate services (including provision of comprehensive historical observational data, climate system monitoring, monthly, seasonal and inter-annual climate predictions, and long-term climate change projections) have become available in many countries. 

Report organization: 

National Adaptation Planning: A Report on Three Workshops

National adaptation planning is a critical component of climate resilient development. While many adaptation actions will be taken at a local level, it is at the national level that priorities for development and adaptation are set, and coordination is conducted with donors. National governments also make many important decisions regarding taxes, expenditures, regulations, land-use, and other aspects of national policy making that can profoundly affect a nation’s development path.

Climate Change and Conflict: An Annex to the USAID Climate-Resilient Development Framework

There is growing recognition of the interrelationship between climate change and conflict. Research and field experience are demonstrating that these dynamics are often particularly acute in countries that are fragile or conflict-affected – regions that represent the majority of the countries in which USAID works. It is important, therefore, that USAID and its partners be aware of how climate change may affect security and stability, and how dynamics of conflict, fragility, and peace may either support or hinder efforts to address climate.

Climate Change and Coastal Zones: An Annex to the USAID Climate-Resilient Development Framework

The purpose of this document is to identify the stressors affecting the coastal zone and to provide an overview of the adaptation actions that can help development practitioners integrate climate concerns into strategies, programs, and projects in the coastal zone. For those managing, planning for, or funding projects in the coastal zone, understanding the implications of climate variability and climate change, collectively referred to here as “climate impacts,” is important for long-term success.

Climate Change and Water: An Annex to the Climate-Resilient Development Framework

Adequate, safe, and reliable freshwater is an essential foundation for society and development. This annex serves as a sector-specific elaboration of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID, 2014b) climate-resilient development framework. The purpose of this water sector annex is to help development practitioners integrate climate concerns into strategies, programs, and projects for the water sector.Water managers have a long history of planning for trends such as future population growth, land use changes, and climate variability such as floods and droughts.

Climate-Resilient Development: A Framework For Understanding And Addressing Climate Change

This climate-resilient development framework facilitates the systematic inclusion of climate considerations in development decision-making.  The framework's objective is to support the development process by assisting development practitioners in identifying, evaluating, selecting, implementing, and adjusting actions to reduce climate vulnerabilities and improve development outcomes.  The framework is designed to promote actions that ensure progress toward development goals by including climate stressors, both climate variability and climate change.  It focuses on how climate can be incorpo