Indian cities are undergoing rapid urbanization and their resource footprints are growing. As the cities grow and demand for natural resources grow, they face competition and conflicts with other users in the region and hydrological basin, resulting in shortages and scarcities in cities. The climate change exacerbates these conflicts.
Background: Urban Health is a new arena in India as well as other developing nations on the other hand these countries are rapidly urbanizing. Climate Change is likely to pausing more serious challenges in urban area. There is an urgent need to research and document Urban Health and Climate Resilience challenges and solutions as well as to design appropriate need based trainings and network of the institutions to strengthen and spread the evidence based knowledge and skill.
Surat known as “Diamond city or Textile city”, located on river Tapi is India’s 12th and Gujarat’s 2nd most populous city with a population of 4.4 million. Surat lies in the flood plain area and there are a number of creeks in southern west part of city. Rapid industrialization with heavy migration from various parts of India and merger of villages due to extension of city limits results in to almost doubling of the population in a decade.
Establishing an integrated and real-time vector/water-borne disease surveillance and response system in Indore
Integrated Disease Surveillance Project (IDSP) is a decentralized, state based surveillance program in the country. It is intended to detect early warning signals of impending outbreaks and help initiate an effective response in a timely manner. It is also expected to provide essential data to monitor progress of on-going disease control program and help allocate health resources more efficiently.
The City of Surat is one of the most prosperous (also known as Diamond City) city in India. Surat has been facing floods since formation of the city. Even after the building of the Ukai dam, the floods continued to damage the city. Due to rapid growth and expansion of the city, the flood damages are increasing especially since the last two decades, with the frequency of floods staying at least once in four years. In 2006 extreme floods (due to emergency release from Ukai dam) inundated 75% area of the city.
Rapid urbanization and aspirational change is causing unplanned land use and land cover changes. Unplanned and unforeseen development are resulting in micro-climate changes which are evident in urban areas. The relative change (mostly increase) in urban temperature profile compared to its rural counterpart is termed as urban heat island effect (UHI). Such changes give rise to challenges associated with service deficiency, un-engineered built environment, public health, and other issues.
Planning Heatwave Management in India. Led by Taru Leading Edge, Delhi, the process of mapping the pathway has been inclusive and participatory. The report draws on both, available best expertise as well as recent rapidly evolving experience and learning of managing heatwaves in Indian cities.
History repeated itself in the city of Chennai on November- December 2015, when the devastating flood claimed more than 470 lives and resulted in enormous economic loss. The city and its suburb recorded several days between November 2015 to December 2015 of torrential rainfall, which inundated coastal districts of Chennai, Kancheepuram and Tiruvallur, and affected more than 4 million people with economic damages costing around US$3 billion (The National 2015).
The Rockefeller Foundation's Asian Cities Climate Change Resilience Network initiative is a collective experiment with a range of activities that will together improve the ability of the cities to withstand, prepare for, and recover from the projectedimpacts of climate change. The interventions in the city of Indore and Surat include rasising awareness of climate variability and climate change risks, developing city specific vision strategies and scenarios for informed decision making, screening programmes and plans for urban environment, planning, development, transport, and much more.
This document is prepared with the aim of providing a framework for development of climate resilience strategy for the city of Indore. It has been developed based on interaction with city stakeholders, sector studies conducted to understand different dimensions of current situation, information from secondary literature, and through conduct of risk to resilience workshop. The City Resilience Strategy, is aimed at city managers and people at large. This document is based on the current situation and has a scope for updation to reflect emerging trends over time.