Briefing note

Climate Change in the SIDS and Arctic

Briefing Note # 3 Climate Change in the SIDS and the Arctic

Communities in both the Arctic and SIDS regions have proven adept at adapting to
changing conditions in the past; however, research predicts that global climate change
will pose new and unprecedented challenges to their adaptive capacity and resilience.
The MSV Briefing Note highlights some of the aspects of climate change impacts and adaptation
challenges in the Arctic and SIDS

MSV and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

In 1992, most countries joined an international treaty on climate change, the United
Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), concerning means of
mitigation and adaptation to climate change. The objective of the UNFCCC is to
“achieve stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level
that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system.
Such a level should be achieved within a timeframe sufficient to allow ecosystems to

Climate Finance in the Urban Context

Cities and the people who live in them
account for more than 80 percent of the
world’s total greenhouse gas emissions. In
addition, more than 80 percent of the overall
annual global costs of adaptation to
climate change are estimated to be borne
by urban areas. This Issues Brief looks at
potential financing opportunities and costs
of mitigation and adaptation in the urban
context. Wide-ranging potential sources for
finance for climate action are described,
and suggestions are made for moreeffective

The Nairobi Work Programme: On Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Change

The aim of the Nairobi Work Programme is to assist parties, in particular developing countries to improve their understanding and assessment of impacts,
vulnerability and adaptation. This assistance is designed to help parties make informed decisions on practical
adaptation actions and measures to respond to climate change
on a sound scientific, technical and socio-economic basis, taking
into account current and future climate change.

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