The Zambian economy is predominantly based on the exploitation of the country’s natural resources. The adverse effects of climate conditions to which the country is exposed overtly affect these resources. Climate-induced changes to physical and biological systems are already being felt and exerting considerable stress on the country vulnerable sectors. Already, the country’s sensitive sectors - agriculture and food security, wildlife, forestry, water and energy, and human health have been adversely affected by climate change, thereby significantly affecting the economic, social, and environmental dimensions of our national sustainable development.
The NAPA will complement the efforts of the government through the following: (1) contributing to the security of the vulnerable Zambians; (2) ensuring that the livelihoods of the most vulnerable households are secured against the adverse effects of climate change and their basic needs assured; (3), vulnerable groups are protected from the worst impacts of risks and shocks as a result of climate change; and (4) creating public awareness of the adverse effects of climate change. It is hoped that the formulation of NAPA will not be seen as an academic exercise but a serious step towards addressing the urgent and immediate needs of our country against the backdrop of climate change. On behalf of Government I would like to appeal to the international community, our cooperating partners, and other stakeholders to support the NAPA through the implementation of intervention projects identified in the document so that adaptation to climate change is enhanced.
Zambia has experienced a number of climatic hazards over several decades. The most serious have been drought, seasonal floods and flush floods, extreme temperatures and dry spells. Some of these, especially droughts and floods have increased in frequency, intensity and magnitude over the last two decades and have adversely impacted on food and water security, water quality, energy and the sustainable livelihoods of rural communities.
Zambia has developed its NAPA by evaluating the impacts of climate change on the relevant sectors and using Multi-Criteria Analysis (MCA), has ranked the identified most urgent needs to prioritize ten immediate adaptation interventions. The sectors that were analyzed are agriculture and food security (livestock, fisheries and crops), energy and water, human health, natural resources and wildlife.
Assessment of climate change/variability for Zambia’s three ecological regions, in particular, precipitation for both baseline (1970-2000) and projected (2010-2070) scenarios covering agriculture and food security, human health and natural resources and wildlife was conducted.
Source: Zambia NAPA (October, 2007)
Climate Related Hazards
- Extreme Heat
- Shorter Rainy Season
- Main Human Vulnerabilities and Livelihood Impacts
- Agriculture and Food security
- Natural resources
- Human Health
- Water and energy
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Regional Technical AdvisorUNDPmark.firstname.lastname@example.org
Through improved capacity building and project identification, government agencies and other actors will increase their abilities to insulate at risk urban and rural populations from the adverse effects of climate change.