Climate change is exacerbating the negative impacts of environmental threats on homes, communities, livelihoods, and the physical and financial wellbeing of citizens. In particular, a decrease in the predictability of climate patterns is affecting crop production. Many lakes and wells that were used for drinking water have turned brackish; this water in turn spreads to the soil and wetlands, destroying crops and trees. Land based activities—such as dredging, upland clearing, road development, developing infrastructure, mining and deforestation—are also contributing to these problems.
The dispersal of FSM’s four states compounds these challenges. Distributing supplies and reaching out to various communities is difficult, and there is a lack of technical expertise and information readily available to the people.
FSM consists of 607 islands (totalling 271 sq mi in land mass), of which 65 are inhabited. Kosrae, one of FSM’s four states, has a land area of 42 square miles. This state is very mountainous and covered in tropical vegetation with peaks approximately 2000 feet above sea level. The coastline is very dense with mangroves and forests. Humid temperatures and rainfall of over 200 inches annually characterise weather conditions in FSM.
Seventy-five percent of Kosrae is experiencing coastal erosion. Given that most of the state’s infrastructure, commercial enterprises and residential properties are along the coast, this erosion threatens the state’s economy, communities and livelihoods. In addition, FSM has a growing population and migration rate, putting further pressure on habitable areas. With a growth in population and an increase in the harvesting of fish and wildlife, economic resources will need to be proportionally increased.
There are no related resources for this project.
Financing AmountNational Budget Allocation: GEF-SCCF: $1,000,000
Cofinancing TotalCo-Financing: $6,900,000
PACC National CoordinatorKosrae Island Resource Management Authorityfsmpacc@mail.fm
PACC Regional Project ManagerSPREPtaiton@sprep.org
UNDP Environment Programme OfficerUNDPmarta.email@example.com
UNDP Regional Technical AdvisorUNDPgabor.firstname.lastname@example.org
Local communities in Kosrae State.</p><p>National Budget Allocation: GEF-SCCF: $1,000,000