National adaptation programmes of action (NAPAs) provide a process for Least Developed Countries (LDCs) to identify priority activities that respond to their urgent and immediate needs to adapt to climate change Î“Ã‡Ã´ those for which further delay would increase vulnerability and/or costs at a later stage. The following summarizes the NAPA for Liberia.
##### Climate Related Hazards
* Public Health
##### Main Human Vulnerabilities and Livelihood Impacts
* Degradation of the agricultural lands and the lost of biodiversity, putting small holder households at risk;
* Absence of an effective early warning system (i.e., a system of meteorological stations) that could allow farmers and other stakeholders to make informed decisions on production strategies;
* Coastal erosion mainly in low-lying areas such as the urban centers of Robertsport, Monrovia, Buchanan and Cestos.
##### Priority Adaptation Projects
1. Integrated Cropping/Livestock Farming: Enhancing resilience to increasing rainfall variability through the diversification of crop cultivation and small ruminants rearing
2. Improved Monitoring of Climate Change: Enhance adaptive capacity through the rebuilding of the national hydro-meteorological monitoring system and improved networking for the measurement of climatic parameters
3. Coastal Defense System for the Cities of Buchanan and Monrovia: Reducing the vulnerability of coastal urban areas (Monrovia, Buchanan) to erosion, floods, siltation and degraded landscapes
*Priority options in the agricultural sector (crop production sub-sector)*
* Carrying out the timing of crop cultivation in response to changing patterns of rainfall;
* Inter-cropping, irrigation, and the optimization of lowland/swamp farming practices;
* Pest control including fencing of farms against rodents, bird scare scrolls, regular weeding, and the use of high echoing bells; and
* Maintaining fast growing nitrogen fixing tree species to improve soil fertility and using multiple-purpose tree species on farmlands to maintain forest cover.
*Priority options in the fisheries sector*
* Reducing the number of fishing licenses issued to foreign vessels;
* Raising the licensing fee for demersal trawlers;
* Regulating fishing practices to prevent overexploitation and fishing in restricted areas;
* Instituting appropriate surveillance of Liberian fishing waters;
* Funding research aimed at fishery-related database development; and
* Formulating a national fishing policy.
*Priority options in the health sector*
* Identifying and disinfecting stagnant water sources that are breeding grounds for insects;
* Promoting hygiene and sanitation education and awareness, including clinical interventions and community health education programs; and
* Strengthening the Roll Back Malaria program and providing a range of herbal treatments.
*Priority options in forest and woodland management*
As indicated earlier, Liberia still has large tracts of forested area. These lands are being threatened by a combination of unsustainable practices that are being compounded by a changing climate. While serious, it is recommended that no immediate adaptation initiatives be undertaken at the present time apart from raising the climate change awareness and finalizing wetlands legislation currently in process.