Air pollution is a serious environmental and health problem in most urban cities in China. Coal combustion and oil consumption, the two primary sources of air pollution, constitute 90% of China’s total energy use. The transport sector, which relies almost entirely on oil, is projected to account for most of the incremental demand for oil over the next 20 years. The projected dramatic growth in number of vehicles over the coming decades will significantly exacerbate the urban air pollution problem while also contributing to global warming.
Through the strong support of the Global Environment Facility (GEF), this project will reduce greenhouse gas emissions and air pollution through widespread commercial introduction of Fuel-Cell Buses (FCBs) in urban areas of China. Fuel-cell vehicles utilise alternative forms of energy and lower emissions of major air pollutants and greenhouse gases, with significantly higher fuel efficiency compared to conventional vehicles. In particular, hydrogen fuel cell vehicles can serve to reduce the burden on the environment through the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions while reducing consumption of fossil fuels.
UNDP support to the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) is designed to demonstrate the operational and commercial viability of hydrogen FCBs in China through the pilot FCBs and construction of two hydrogen refueling systems in Beijing and Shanghai. The project will support the development of hydrogen and fuel cell vehicles (FCV) related value chain while enhancing scientific, technical, and industrial capacity for commercializing FCBs; and increase the understanding of FCVs and clean vehicles among government, academics, investors, media, and other key actors. Finally, a series of activities will focus on defining a detailed strategy for large-scale FCB commercialization in China. Other capacity building activities will include expanding government policies, technical standards, enhancing domestic research and development capabilities to support FCB commercialization in China.