Barrier Removal for the Widespread Commercialization of Energy-Efficient CFC-Free Refrigerators in China
From 1980 to 1995, residential power use rose from 3% to 12% of the total electricity consumption in China. This growth has been driven by an explosive increase in household appliance use in which refrigerators account for approximately half of all electricity consumption in urban households. Production of household refrigerators in China has doubled since 1990, rising from 4.63 million units in 1990 to 9.28 million in 1996, making China the country with the second highest number of refrigerators in the world. The refrigerators produced in China over the next decade will require an additional 601 billion kWh of energy during their expected lifetimes, equivalent to an annual average of 60 million tons of additional CO2 emissions. The increase of production levels will require higher energy consumption and will result in correspondingly higher CO2 emissions.