Climate change is already affecting the security of Ethiopia’s sustainable development. Rain-fed agricultural production, mushrooming population growth, and a decline in per capita environmental resource availability (including arable land, water, pasture, forest and biodiversity) render the livelihoods of the majority of the population sensitive to climate-related shocks including drought and flooding. Climate change threatens to exacerbate the impacts of over- and misuse of national environmental resources, with concomitant impacts on the country’s environment, food, water and energy security.
The United Nations Development Programme Ethiopia Country Office (UNDP-CO) has been engaged in and focused on climate change and related issues. As a knowledge organization, it hopes to upscale its contribution and impact on the policy dialogue in order to help ensure that Ethiopia is well informed on the opportunities and challenges open to the country in order to mitigate climate change induced impacts and adapt to climate change. To develop and pilot a range of effective community level coping mechanisms for reducing the vulnerability of farmers particularly women and children in Kalu Woreda, the GEF/UNDP supported copping with Drought and Climate change project is being implemented since 2010.
The UNDP/GEF initiated, Coping with Drought and Climate Change (CwDCC), Project is a model project being implemented in four African countries: Ethiopia, Kenya, Zimbabwe and Mozambique. The main objective of the project is to pilot drought and climate change activities in the four drought affected countries, where the impacts of drought have been found more disastrous than anywhere. The project was initiated to underline experience sharing across the project countries in the efforts to cope with drought and climate change.