Ecosystem Based Adaptation Approach to Maintaining Water Security in Critical Water Catchments in Mongolia
This project is working to apply the principles of Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EBA) to increase climate change resilience at a landscape level. EBA is broadly defined as “a range of local and landscape scale strategies for managing ecosystems to increase resilience and maintain essential ecosystem services and reduce the vulnerability of people, their livelihoods and nature in the face of climate change. Ecosystem-based adaptation involves collective action among governments, communities, conservation and development organizations, and other stakeholders to plan and empower local action that will increase environmental and community resilience to the changing climate.
The project's objective is to “maintain the water provisioning services supplied by mountain and steppe ecosystems by internalizing climate change risks within land and water resource management regimes.”
Problem to be Addressed
Mongolia's geographic location, fragile ecosystems and socioeconomic conditions make the country highly vulnerable to climate change. Unsustainable agriculture and development practices alreadly maximize Mongolia's natural resource use beyond sustainable limits. Mongolia's ecosystems do not have the resilience and reserves required to cope with any further stress. If current trends continue and unsustainable management practices persist, the vulnerability of Mongolia's rural communities will increase as climate change accelerates the deterioration of land and water resources and associated ecosystem services. The additional impacts represented by climate change will very likely dismantle Mongolia's already vulnerable ecosystem services.
Source: Project Proposal, 2011