National adaptation programmes of action (NAPAs) provide a process for Least Developed Countries (LDCs) to identify priority activities that respond to their urgent and immediate needs to adapt to climate change – those for which further delay would increase vulnerability and/or costs at a later stage. The Solomon Islands National Adaptation Plan of Action (NAPA) has determined, through a broad national consultative process, that agriculture, human settlements, water and sanitation and human health are priority vulnerable sectors requiring urgent support to enhance resilience against the predicted impacts of climate change. The majority of the population of 508,000 (2007) live in rural areas and are predominantly dependent on agriculture, forestry and fisheries for food security and livelihoods. The 84% of people living in rural areas (World Bank 2007) rely mainly on their traditional food production systems, traditional knowledge, and strong communal systems and on agriculture, fishing and small business activities to support livelihoods. The majority of rural dwellers reside on hilly and mountainous areas and along very low lying coastal areas with very high exposure to abnormal and extreme weather and climatic events. The following summarizes the NAPA for the Solomon Islands.
Climate Related Hazards * Loss of biodiversity * Loss of species * Land and soil degradation * Depletion of fish stocks * Ecosystem destruction * Habitat loss * Loss of water quality and quantity * Coastal erosion and degradation, * Sedimentation * Loss of soil fertility * Saltwater intrusion * Increase in disease incidence.
Main Human Vulnerabilities and Livelihood Impacts * Agriculture * Water Resources * Human Health * Human Settlements * Energy * Fisheries and Marine Resources * Mining * Infrastructure Development * Education * Tourism * Trade and Forestry * Waste Management
Priority Adaptation Projects 1. Managing the impact of, and enhancing resilience to, climate change and sea-level rise, on agriculture and food security, water supply and sanitation, human settlement, human health and education, awareness and information 2. Climate change adaptation on low-lying and artificially built-up islands in Malaita and Temotu 3. Waste management 4. Coastal protection 5. Fisheries and marine resources 6. Infrastructure development 7. Tourism