National adaptation programmes of action (NAPAs) provide a process for Least Developed Countries (LDCs) to identify priority activities that respond to their urgent and immediate needs to adapt to climate change – those for which further delay would increase vulnerability and/or costs at a later stage. The following summarizes the NAPA for Sierra Leone.
Climate Related Hazards * Floods * Dry spells * Thunderstorms * Shifting rainfall patterns * Landslides
Main Human Vulnerabilities and Livelihood Impacts * Agriculture, Fishery and Food Security; * Water Resources; * Forests and Natural Resources; * Land Erosion and Human Settlement; * Coastal Region, and * Human Health.
Priority Adaptation Projects 1. Develop an Early Warning System in Sierre Leone 2. Rehabilitation & Reconstruction of meteorological/climate monitoring stations throughout the country 3. Capacity building of the Meteorological Department through training of personnel for the country’s adaptation to climate change 4. Sensitization and awareness raising campaigns on climate change impacts on women relating to the three conventions of biodiversity, desertification and climate change 5. Development of Inland Valley Swamps for Rice Production in the Moyamba District 6. Development of an Integrated Natural Resources and Environmental Management programme for Sierra Leone 7. Development of Irrigation and drainage systems for agricultural production in the Bombali District 8. Promotion of the use of renewable energy (Solar Energy) in Sierra Leone and improvement of energy efficiency and conservation of energy resources 9. Establishment of new Forest Reserves, Protected Areas and National Parks in Sierra Leone 10. Management and Protection of Forest Reserves and Catchment areas including Wetlands 11. Institutional Strengthening of the Water Resources Sector in Sierra Leone 12. Improvement of The Efficiency of Existing Water Supply Systems in both Urban And Rural Areas of Sierra Leone 13. Promotion of Rain Water Harvesting and Development of an Integrated Management System for Fresh Water Bodies 14. Establishment of a Permanent Study Programme of the Multi Species Fisheries in Sierra Leone 15. Delineation and Restoration of Vulnerable Habitats And Ecosystems in The Western Area of Sierra Leone 16. Improve on the Quality on Fisheries Related Data and Research 17. Development of an Integrated Coastal Zone Management Plan for Sierra Leone 18. Rehabilitation of degraded coastal habitats in the Northern Region of Sierra Leone 19. Develop and enact appropriate policies and regulations relevant to the development of coastal communities, urban growth planning, and critical coastal ecosystems preservation 20. Establishment of a National Sea-Level Observing System for Sierra Leone 21. Monitoring and control of malaria in the Moyamba district of Sierra Leone 22. Monitoring and control of water and sanitation activities in the Koinadugu District of Sierra Leone 23. Monitoring and control of HIV/AIDS prevention activities in the Koinadugu district of Sierra Leone 24. Monitoring, evaluation and control of water and sanitation activities in slum areas of Freetown, the capital city of Sierra Leone *Agriculture Sector* 1. Develop irrigation and land drainage system for agriculture; 2. Develop and implement agricultural land-use and land cover management; 3. Promote swamp land farming. *Forestry Sector* 1. Promote the use of renewable energy (solar energy) and improve energy efficiency and conservation by retrofitting existing and future structures; 2. Establish forest reserves, protected Areas and National Park/Sanctuaries and redemarcate existing ones in order to maintain their integrity; 3. Management and protection of forests reserves and catchments areas including wetlands and reduce dependence on firewood and charcoal by using liquid fuel (LPG) and bio fuels (ethanol/methane/oils). *Water/Hydrology Sector* 1. Improve water research, monitoring and management; 2. Improvement of the efficiency of existing water supply systems in both urban rural areas; 3. Promote rain water harvesting and develop an integrated management system for fresh water bodies. *Coastal Zone* 1. Develop an Integrated Coastal Zone Management Plan; 2. Rehabilitate degraded coastal habitats; 3. Develop and enact appropriate policies and regulations relevant to the development of coastal communities, urban growth planning, and wetland preservation. *Fisheries Sector* 1. Promote sustainable fishing practices and develop aquaculture; 2. Improve weather forecasting and develop marine meteorological services; 3. Preserve and restore essential habitats; promote conservation and environmental education. *Health Sector* 1. Increase the use of insecticide treated materials (ITMs) as a key strategy in malaria control; 2. Support HIV/AIDs prevention activities; 3. Develop appropriate sanitation programs. *Meteorology Sector* 1. Establishment on National Early Warning System; 2. Improve research and weather forecasting capabilities and rehabilitate national weather stations as well as educate meteorological department personnel to forecast and inform about particular dangerous or extreme events; 3. Raise public awareness and mainstream gender perspectives into climate change issues; 4. Foster cooperation with International Conventions and Programmes.