National adaptation programmes of action (NAPAs) provide a process for Least Developed Countries (LDCs) to identify priority activities that respond to their urgent and immediate needs to adapt to climate change – those for which further delay would increase vulnerability and/or costs at a later stage. The following summarizes the NAPA for Tuvalu.
Climate Related Hazards
* Salt water intrusion * Coastal zone inundation * Drought and low flows * Storm surge * Cyclones
Main Human Vulnerabilities and Livelihood Impacts
* Hydrology and water resources * Coastal zone and marine ecosystems * Agriculture, agro forestry and food security * Human health * Human settlements and infrastructure * Reduced agricultural production * Reduced fishery productivity * Water shortage and/or groundwater depletion * Flooding * Increased disease and/or other health problems * Infrastructure damage * Food security * Displacement of people * Loss of biodiversity * Loss of land or degradation
Priority Adaptation Projects
1. Increasing resilience of coastal areas and settlement to climate change 2. Increasing subsistence pit grown pulaka productivity through introduction of a salt-tolerant pulaka species 3. Adaptation to frequent water shortages through increasing household water capacity, water collection accessories, and water conservation techniques 4. Protecting community health through control of vector borne/climate sensitive diseases and promoting community access to quality potable water 5. Strengthening of community based conservation programmes on highly vulnerable near-shore marine ecosystems 6. Strengthening community disaster preparedness and response potential 7. Adaptation to near-shore coastal shellfish fisheries resources and coral reef ecosystem productivity